I did not have a clue how to care for them and maximize their, "I appreciated the extensive amount of information given on pecan trees, I had looked on several other sites, but, "The article is good and helps new farmers with what type of fertilizer should be used on pecan. Pecan seeds, or nuts, need months of cold weather to germinate. Very much like the way in this, "Learning how long it takes for the tree to grow nuts helped. If you want to make sure your pecan tree produces an excellent crop, you might consider spraying with zinc fertilizer to help nut meat to fill-in. % of people told us that this article helped them. ", crop. https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/growing-pecans-in-north-carolina, http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h/H605/welcome.html, http://www.texaspecantrees.com/Homeowners_guide_to_planting_pecan_trees.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. How do I prevent mosquitoes from gathering near my pecan tree? When you first acquire a pecan tree, whether it’s a young or mature tree, you’ll need to make sure it is planted in a location where it can thrive. Press the soil down, and water thoroughly. Pecan trees are easy to grow and will provide you with loads of tasty pecans when planted right and in the right spot. Carefully straighten it out and lower it into the hole. Pecan trees take 20 to 25 years to mature. You can grow a pecan tree directly from seed, but we recommend you purchase an already grown, small tree from your local nursery. However, following some basic rules of planting will help a young tree grow into a large, healthy adult. Next, fill the hole 3/4 full of water before filling in the rest with soil. Sometimes, they can be as tall as 144 feet. Should I prune it back this Winter or now, so that the growth won't waste all that energy on the limbs I cut off and paint? Position the tree in the hole so that the soil line on the tree is even with the surrounding soil, then adjust the depth of the hole, if necessary. Plant trees 30 to 35 feet apart. A container tree is more expensive but sturdier, and can be planted between October and May. If you plant on planting more than one pecan tree, make sure to space them about 60-80 feet apart. ", "Interesting for a novice. To fulfill this requirement, use zinc sulfate. Find a well-drained location where water is accessible to plant your pecan trees. What can be done for pecan trees that do not produce nuts? Pick a spot that has full sun and keep the soil damp. After the tree has matured, watering is essential during the nut filling stage at the end of summer. Avoid frost pockets where cold air settles, since they get damaged by frost. Don't attempt to plant it in a shallow hole. Can I keep my pecan tree inside a lot and still have it bare fruit? Will pecans grow in the high desert near Lancaster or Palmdale? Store your pecans in the refrigerator for up to six months in airtight storage containers that prevent absorbing odors from meats, vegetables or fruits. Thank you!". When to Plant. To plant a pecan tree, dig a hole at least two feet wide and two and a half feet deep. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. After two years a seedling should be around four to five feet (1.5 m.) tall and ready for grafting. Out of all the things that are involved in establishing an orchard, planting the pecan tree is my favorite. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Plant at least three varieties together for maximum pollination and production. Dig a hole 3-5 feet deep, and about 2 feet wide. If you have tested your water, and your fertilizer is OK, then experiment with placing shadow nearby while the baby sprouts reach maturity. Hilltops are ideal for pecan trees as they require deep, well drained soil and are easily susceptible to root rot. This article received 12 testimonials and 90% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Soak new pecan tree roots with water before planting. Do not plant pecan trees underneath electrical lines or buildings, because the trees can reach heights up to 130 feet and will be damaged if not allowed enough growth space. Pecan trees have long tap roots, so it is best to plant the seeds in the ground where you want the tree to be. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. If the holes are too deep, the pecan trees will settle, which could result in root rot or damage, poor growth, and the pecan trees could prematurely die. Make sure the taproot is straightened if it’s a potted tree. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. To keep the pecans even longer, store them in your freezer. Keep in mind that part or all of the water supply can come from rainfall. Pecans are rather hard to get to … Rig a 12V pump. Pecan trees need full sun and well-drained soil. ", "The specific steps are what I was looking for. Once the hole is half full, fill it with water to remove air pockets and settle the soil. 30 trees. Once a tree is established, it needs little assistance to grow and produce; but you’ll want to make sure you give your tree the best foundation possible. Plant to a depth of 5 feet. Successfully establishing a young nut tree in your yard starts with your planting site and method. Some growers will plant trees 30 feet apart, and remove half the trees at around 15 years, when they begin to crowd each other. Fertilize the soil with 10-10-10 before planting. Using a slender fishing pole to shake off the nuts helps to lightly flick pecans out of the open hulls within your reach without much damage to next year's crop, which occurs only on the new year's growth. PLANTING: Pecan trees need well-drained soil. Additionally, paint the trunk up to the first set of branches with a white latex paint to insulate it from sun damage. A special long-headed shovel is the best tool for the job if you're planting just a few trees. In an orchard, plant the trees at least 60 feet (18.3 m) apart. Keep reading to find out more about how to grow pecan trees, care for them, and enjoy their amazing harvest! Pecan trees can take 20 – 25 years to reach full maturity. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. Pecans can be eaten whole as is or used when cooking to make delicious breads, cookies, cakes and variations of. Squirrels will get them while still up in the tree, so just pick them up pretty early each day to beat local squirrels to them. Planting Depth. Then carefully remove the young trees from the soil in the nursery bags and put them in a shed or shady place. Nut trees require fertile soil for good growth, so before you plant, check your soil nutrients and pH. The lack of such soil is one of reason. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Finally, lay down pine straw mulch around the base of the tree to protect the root system from frost and weeds. That’s why hilltops are an ideal location. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. Planting The pecan nut tree is deciduous and can be transplanted only in winter. When you decide to plant trees, whether 2 or 200, you invest in the future, in beauty as well as bounty. Test the soil by digging a hole 8 inches (20.3 centimeters) wide and 32 inches (81.3 centimeters) deep. Add native soil mixed with water back into the planting hole. A pecan tree could damage buildings or smaller trees with falling branches as it grows bigger. A good indication is that a pecan nut meat will snap when it has been properly dried. I wrongly concluded the tree was lazy, or that the, "I recently purchased a property with 16 pecan trees. Do not plant it too deep in the ground. This article has been viewed 264,581 times. While your young pecan tree is growing, water it frequently, about once a week. Although self-pollination in candy pecan is possible, but it is preferred that at least two or three trees are planted nearby for maximum nut production. Plant pecan trees in a hole about three feet deep and 2 feet wide. You don't have to water them often, just once or twice a month. TRANSPLANTING PECAN TREES : This is the accumulation of knowledge about transplanting pecan trees I have gained in 40 tears on my 15 acres in Oklahoma, USA. Position the tree in the hole so that the soil line on the tree is even with the surrounding soil. To grow a pecan tree, start by digging a hole 3-feet deep in well-drained soil and placing the young tree into it, taking care not to damage any of the roots. Begin filling the hole with soil, arranging the roots in a natural position as you go. Plant at slightly higher elevation (but lower latitude). Sow the seeds 3-4” deep. A common formula for commercial groves in the southeastern United States is to plant pecan trees in a square grid with the trees each 30-40 feet apart. By using our site, you agree to our. How often should I water a pecan tree during the winter? If the tree is grafted pecan, it fruit within 4-6 years. Whether you're looking for a tall shade tree that will grow to over 100 feet (30.5 m) or a tree that produces reliably plump and flavorful nuts, there's bound to be a variety that meets your needs. Usually a pecan tree produces nut within 6-7 years. Long answer: Depending on the variety, soil, climate, and care conditions, pecan trees can start producing seeds at 7-13 years. Filling it with water ensures that the tree gets the moisture it needs, while also preventing air pockets from forming. (Commercial orchards often use special tree vibrator-shakers to work the pecans loose from the open hulls and also use machinery to pick up fallen nuts.). The roots and taproot should be in the hole, but make sure the trunk of the tree is above ground. Allow for approximately 65 to 80 feet (19.81 to 24.38 m) spacing between each pecan tree that you plant. ", "Now I know how to grow a pecan tree on my property. Likely a water problem. It's great, just simple, love it! He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Add enough water so there are no air pockets left around the roots after dirt is replaced around the roots. Trim each tap root to a length of 1m with a sharp spade. ", squirrels ate the seeds from the pods that were not fully grown. Pecan trees need to be planted somewhere with deep, rich soil, good drainage and plenty of room to grow. Due to their large size, they can grow to 150 feet tall at maturity, you will need to space the trees at least 35 feet apart. If you DO have a big yard and live in the Southern states, you should definitely plant a pecan tree as just one tree can feed a large family. Start getting 5 gallon buckets for watering the trees. Sow pecan seeds in early spring in a sunny garden bed. Begin filling the hole … It is the common fertilizer to remedy this deficiency, and is most effective when applied as a spray. I am looking to plant pecan trees on 2 acres of land. Pour 7 gallons (26.5 liters) of water into the hole. ", they weren't as informative as yours. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Grow at least two pecan trees to ensure that most of flowers produce nuts. They will begin producing nuts after 4 – 8 years.