He sees no contradiction between these two positions. Eternal recurrence, or a lack thereof can mean one of two things. It is our birthright to feel true joy and a lightness of being. Kundera uses Nietzsche’s idea of eternal recurrence to ponder this question. Kundera uses Nietzsche’s idea of eternal recurrence to ponder this question. It gives the things we think, feel and do (and the things that are said and done to us) weight. Another word for lightness. themes about the novel' and find homework help for other The Unbearable Lightness of Being questions at eNotes So both the heaviness and lightness are unsatisfactory. Yet such lives are insignificant and unbearable—the unbearable lightness of being. Find more ways to say lightness, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. The light life is meaningless. When we let go of who we think we are based on the ego keeping us captive, with its insistence that we are our thoughts, fears, personalities and dramas, we give space in the present time to find out who we really are. In the book, The Unbearable Lightness of Being, lightness is portrayed as the overall meaninglessness of life due to the fleeting nature of experiences. In our culture, meaningless happiness usually gets equated with contentment. Kundera contrasts Nietzsche's philosophy of eternal return, or of heaviness, with Parmenides's understanding of life as light. I mean, references to infidelity alone (even infidelity that makes use of funky costumes like '50s ganster hats--the only note-and-applauseworthy aspect this book!) The Unbearable Lightness of Being opens with a philosophical discussion of lightness versus heaviness. The Unbearable Lightness of Being asserts that meaning only emerges alongside mourning. It explores the artistic and intellectual life of Czech society during the communist period, from the Prague Spring to the Soviet invasion of 1968. The idea of the “unbearable lightness of being” is the question of whether life is, at its core, light or heavy. Lightness of Being. Meaning is heavy, it keeps us clinging to the Earth. do NOT make for good literature, and such is The Unbearable Lightness of Being, in a nutshell. Summary of The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Kundera: The Unbearable Lightness of Being mainly takes place in Prague in the years 1960 and 1970. The Unbearable Lightness of Being asserts that meaning only emerges alongside mourning. If everything happens only once, it might as well not have happened at all; and our best response to this situation is to live for beauty and pleasure. ‘The Unbearable Lightness of Being’ is a book and film about a group of people and their struggle for happiness in a repressed Czechoslovakia, the main protagonists eventually move out … "Just imagine becoming the way you used to be as a very young child, before you understood the meaning of any word, before opinions took over your mind. Get an answer for 'What does Milan Kundera mean by "the unbearable lightness of being?"