These countries have tropical rainforests, bamboo groves and mangrove forests suited for it. A culture of indiscriminate wildlife use combined with poverty, population growth and rapid economic development has created a wave of pressure on natural ecosystems. Cattle were first domesticated around 9,000 years ago. While the Malesia has much in common botanically, the portions east and west of the Wallace Line differ greatly in land animal species; Sundaland shares its fauna with mainland Asia, while the islands east of the Wallace line either lack land mammals, or are home to a land fauna derived from Australia, which includes marsupial mammals and ratite birds. Camels also are used for meat, milk, blood, and hides. Asia shows a notable diversity of habitats, with significant variations in rainfall, altitude, topography, temperature and geological history, which is reflected in its richness of animal life. The wild ancestors of domestic chickens are red and green junglefowl from the forests of Southeast Asia. Sumateran Tiger. There are millions of known animal species in the world, and every year there are hundreds, if not thousands, more animal species being discovered. Media in category "Animals of Western Asia" This category contains only the following file. The crocodiles include mugger crocodile, gharial, false gharial and saltwater crocodile. See also the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. These animals form matrilineal social groups where male members leave the group as they reach puberty. Other species have been successfully re-introduced, such as the endangered Arabian oryx and the sand gazelle. The result is loss of biodiversity and loss of livelihoods. Mayfly. Donations are tax deductible to the extent permitted by the law. Mayfly. Southeast Asia's animal markets are notorious. includes most of mainland Southeast Asia, including Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, as well as the subtropical forests of southern China. They were a key form of cargo transport on the Silk Road and other trade routes in Asia. These mountains harbor an amazing diversity of life. Humans hunted horses for food as early as 35,000 years ago. In the subtropical southern parts of China and Japan, the Palearctic temperate forests transition to the subtropical and tropical forests of Indomalaya, creating a rich and diverse mix of plant and animal species. Liquid water is unavailable for much of the winter, and plants and many of the animals undergo a winter dormancy in which metabolism is very slow. Another helpful feature of goats is their tough hide, which has long been used to make water and wine bottles for transporting liquids in desert regions. Domestic cows are used for milk, meat, leather, blood, and also for their dung, which is used as fertilizer for crops. Central Asia and the Iranian plateau are home to dry steppe grasslands and desert basins, with montane forests, woodlands, and grasslands in the region's high mountains and plateaux. The Asia high mountains span the Altai, Tien Shan, Kunlun, Pamir, Hindu Kush, Karakorum, and Himalayas ranges. As with dogs, the domestication of pigs seems to have happened more than once and in different places, and again two of those places were the Middle East or the Near East, and China. The Indochina bioregion Early sheep were used for meat, milk, and leather; wooly sheep only appeared around 8,000 years ago in Persia (Iran). Animal markets appear like a variation of slave markets. South Asia is especially rich in freshwater life, with 10% of the world's fishes (over 2000 species). The more common of the numerous snakes are pipe snakes (Melanophidium, Plectrurus, Rhinophis, Uropeltis), sea snakes, Elapids (king cobra, Bungarus, Calliophis, Naja, Walterinnesia), vipers (Azemiops, Daboia, Dendrelaphis, Echis, Hypnale, Protobothrops, Trimeresurus, Ovophis, Pseudocerastes, Gloydius etc. See also List of reptiles of South Asia. Gondwanian elements were introduced from Africa and by India, which detached from Gondwana approximately 90 MYA, carrying its Gondwana-derived flora and fauna northward. There are also about 100 species of turtles and tortoises (Russian tortoise, keeled box turtle, Batagur, Aspideretes, Chinemys, Chitra, Cistoclemmys, Cuora, Geochelone, Heosemys, Indotestudo, Mauremys, Pangshura, Pelochelys, Rafetus, Sacalia etc.). The orangutan is the largest animal that lives in the trees. The mountains of southwest China are also designated as a biodiversity hotspot, the Himalayas containing for example about 8% of the world’s bird species. Sodhi et al., Southeast Asian biodiversity: an impending disaster. There are 2,500 known species worldwide! The Eastern Himalayas alone contain some 10,000 species of plant, 900 species of bird, and 300 species of mammal—many of which are found nowhere else on the planet. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. Markhor. South of the taiga are a belt of temperate broadleaf and mixed forests and temperate coniferous forests. The Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Himalaya, and Patkai ranges bound the bioregion on the northwest, north, and northeast; these ranges were formed by the collision of the northward-drifting Indian subcontinent with Asia beginning 45 million years ago. More than 5,000 pets found dead in cardboard boxes at Chinese depot after being stranded for a week. Animals of Asia. Early ancestors of horses crossed the land bridge from North America to Eurasia. This rare species can only be found in Southeast Asia, mainly in Borneo. Science, vol 308, 8.apr. Soc. It's Rare To See An Okapi And Their Unusual Markings Provide Great Camouflage. Less than 2,500 left in the wild! Poaching of horns is an important reason for the decline in the number of the Indian Rhinoceros. The species is labeled as Least Concern. One bird family, the accentors (Prunellidae) is endemic to the Palaearctic region. South Asian Rainforest Indian rainforests are mainly found along the country's eastern coast. [10], C.B.Cox, P.D.Moore, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach. The bird fauna is also very diverse, with some 1,300 species. The slow loris is an omnivore forager, and one of three loris species. Masked Palm Civet. Discover Indian animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! The first sheep likely were tamed from wild mouflon in Mesopotamia, today's Iraq, some 11,000 to 13,000 years ago. Also characteristic are pittas, bulbuls, Old World babblers, cuckoo-shrikes, drongos, fantails, flowerpecker, helmetshrikes, hornbill, nuthatch, orioles, parrotbills, shrikes, sunbirds and woodswallows. as guards or vermine hunters, as status symbol, as food, as magic medicine or, in the better cases, as company. Sunda Pangolin . Gazelles, oryx, sand cats, and spiny-tailed lizards are some of the desert-desert-adapted species that survive in this extreme environment. There are also several Asian lakes with saline or brackish water, and with peculiar fauna (Caspian Sea, Lake Balkhash, Aral Sea, Issyk Kul, Qinghai Lake). Other endemic Asian or mainly Asian families include Acrocephalidae, Aegithalidae, Certhiidae, Cettiidae, Chloropseidae, Dromadidae, Eupetidae, Eurylaimidae, Hemiprocnidae, Hypocoliidae, Ibidorhynchidae, Muscicapidae, Phasianidae, Pityriaseidae, Podargidae, Tichodromadidae and Turdidae. By Letter (A-to-Z) By Scientific Name; ... Found throughout Asia, India and China! The insects of New Guinea are however mainly of Asian origin.[6]. Though it is not aggressive, this nocturnal species, found in India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan, is often a big problem for native people as it comes near human settlements, and is easily stepped on. https://www.planetdeadly.com/animals/dangerous-animals-asia Trends in Ecology& Evolution, Vol.19, Issue 12, 2004, Hughes, A. The lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Asia are home to the Mediterranean basin ecoregions, which together constitute world's largest and most diverse mediterranean climate region of the world, with generally mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. Mole. Description: Once plentiful in Southeast Asia, many gibbon species are currently endangered, including the Lar Gibbon. Many animals in Wuhan, the Chinese city where the virus originated, have died or are at risk of dying after residents evacuated their homes in the wake of the city's lockdown. There are two types of domestic camels in Asia—the Bactrian camel, a shaggy beast with two humps native to the deserts of western China and Mongolia, and the one-humped dromedary that is usually associated with the Arabian Peninsula and India. They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa! Some characteristic mammals are Siberian roe deer, gray wolf, moose and wolverine. This is the list of all animals of Asia (and spoken facts) kids will have to discover in the app. Sumatran Tigers are one of the most vanishing species of wild animal and listed … They’re just 4 – 6 inches tall, but they’ve… Eurasia and North America were many times connected by the Bering land bridge, and have very similar mammal and bird faunas, with many Eurasian species having moved into North America, and fewer North American species having moved into Eurasia (many zoologists consider the Palearctic and Nearctic to be a single Holarctic realm). It covers the richest part of the Indomalayan realm, with dominant biomes of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests and dry broadleaf forests. Although horses have been used across the world both for riding and for pulling chariots, carts, and carriages, nomadic peoples of Central Asia and Mongolia also relied on them for meat and for milk, which was fermented into the alcoholic drink called kumis. 6. The orangutan lives on the island of Borneo. Camels seem to have been domesticated fairly recently—only about 3,500 years ago at the earliest. Of those, 38 are marine dolphins and 4 are river dolphins. Sheep were among the earliest animals to be domesticated by humans. [8] Southeast Asia has the highest relative rate of deforestation of any major tropical region, and could lose three quarters of its original forests by 2100 and up to 42% of its biodiversity. Animals are bought for various reasons, e.g. It is home to about 500 native mammal species. Millipede. The goat-antelopes (Rupicaprini) are represented by the goral and the serow. Photo: Mark Dumont. African Animals Africa has many varied environments. All the animals living in Asia and its surrounding seas and islands are considered the fauna of Asia. Kraits are found only in Asia, they eat not only small lizards but also snakes, including other kraits. India’s southwestern coast and the coastal areas and islands of Southeast Asia experience heavy rain throughout the year. It is a critically endangered species that is threatened with poaching and habitat loss. Asian elephants are generally more docile than their African counterparts and can be domesticated. Pigs are smart, adaptable creatures that breed easily in captivity and can convert household scraps, acorns, and other refuse into bacon. Asia also contains several important freshwater ecoregions as well, including Rivers of Russia, which flow into the Arctic, Black, and Caspian seas, Siberia's Lake Baikal, the oldest and deepest lake on the planet (home to numerous endemic sponges, oligochaetes, and crustaceans and the Baikal seal), Khanka Lake, and Japan's Lake Biwa, Lake Dongting, Lake Tai and Lake Poyang in China. Animals include tigers, leopards, clouded leopards, elephants, buffaloes, porcupines, mongooses, civets, gibbons, macaques and monkeys. Glaciation during the most recent ice age and the immigration of man affected the distribution of Asian fauna (see also Sahara pump theory). 0 0 Distribution and Habitat There are 42 species of dolphins found around the world. The Indo-Pacific is a rich biogeographic region including most part of the Asian seas, comprising the tropical waters of the Indian Ocean, the western and central Pacific Ocean, and the seas connecting the two in the general area of Indonesia (it does not include the temperate and polar regions of the Indian and Pacific oceans, and the Tropical Eastern Pacific, along the Pacific coast of the Americas, is also a distinct marine realm). Humans have domesticated dozens of different kinds of animals. East Asia was not much affected by glaciation in the ice ages. Many species, such as the striped hyena, jackal and honey badger have become extinct in this area due to hunting, human encroachment and habitat destruction. Wiley-Blackwell, 2005, Price, T. D., J. Zee, K. Jamdar, and N. Jamdar. Horses like the Akhal Teke pictured here continue to hold great importance in Central Asian cultures. https://themysteriousworld.com/10-amazing-animals-found-only-in-africa They grow up to 11 feet tall and can weigh up to 5 tons. They were used for milk and meat, as well as for dung which could be burned as fuel. Some archaeologists suggest that they may have been tamed first for cock-fighting, and only incidentally for meat, eggs, and feathers. Two orders of mammals, the colugos (2 species) and treeshrews (19 species), are endemic to the Indomalayan realm, as are families Craseonycteridae (Kitti's hog-nosed bat), Diatomyidae, Platacanthomyidae, Tarsiidae (tarsiers) and Hylobatidae (gibbons). Over 500 reptile and over 300 amphibian species are also present, including numerous endemics. Cats likely began to hang around human settlements in the Middle East about 9,000 years ago, when agricultural communities started to store grain surpluses that attracted mice. Goats are also remarkably efficient at clearing brush, a handy trait for farmers in arid lands. Animals. Our US tax identification number is 31-1802788. (2017) Understanding the drivers of Southeast Asian biodiversity loss, Ecosphere. The Asian ungulates include bharal, gaur, blackbuck, the wild yak and the Tibetan antelope, four-horned antelope, ox-sheep (Ovibovini), takin, kting voar, several species of muntjac, Bubalus and others. Prehistoric human hunters likely adopted wolf pups; the friendliest and most docile were kept as hunting companions and guard dogs, and gradually developed into domestic dogs. In fact, some scientists call cats only semi-domesticated; until about 150 years ago, humans generally did not intervene in cat breeding to produce specific types of cats. Since there is no natural biogeographic boundary in the west between Europe and Asia, the term "fauna of Asia" is somewhat elusive. Humans likely tolerated the cats for their mouse-hunting skills, a commensal relationship that only very gradually developed into the adoration that modern-day humans often display for their feline companions. ), colubrids (Achalinus, Amphiesma, Boiga, Calamaria, Cerberus, Coluber, Enhydris, Lycodon, Oligodon, Opisthotropis, Rhabdophis, Pareas, Psammophis, Ptyas, Sibynophis, Spalerosophis, Trachischium etc.) Asia blends elements from the both ancient supercontinents of Laurasia and Gondwana. The only animal on this list that is not common outside of its home continent of Asia is the water buffalo. The first goats were probably domesticated in the Zagros Mountains of Iran around 10,000 years ago. China’s spectacular economic growth, in particular, is straining the supply of natural resources throughout the region. 5,000 Dogs, Other Animals Found Dead in Shipping Boxes—Pet Trade Likely to Blame. 5. Mainland Southeast Asia is divided into the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, and the small city-state of Singapore at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula; Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, which occupy the eastern portion of the mainland, often are collectively called the Indochinese Peninsula. The langur eats leaves, flowers and fruit. Malaysia is both mainland and insular, with a western … Location(s): Indonesian Sumatra, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand Possibly extinct in China. [7] An invasion of Indian Ocean species has begun via the Suez Canal (see Lessepsian migration). A surprising number of common domesticated animals actually originated in Asia. Some species have a poisonous bite! The rivers of China are home to the critically endangered finless porpoise and baiji. Dogs are not only man's best friend; they are also one of our oldest friends in the animal world. 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animals found in asia

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